Pathology means the study of disease and its causes and progression. Pathology tests cover blood tests, and tests on urine, stools (faeces) and bodily tissues etc.
A pathologist interprets the results of blood and pathology tests and looks for abnormalities that may point to disease, such as cancer and other chronic illnesses, or health risks, such as pre-diabetes.
Blood and pathology tests leave many people squeamish, but they’re an important part of detecting, diagnosing and treating disease.
In fact, if you’re sick, many decisions about your care will come down to the results of your blood and pathology tests.
Dr Neha Mittal (MD Pathology ) is the consultant head of our hospital’s pathology department. She has completed her training from PGI Chandigarh with her main area of interest being in biopsy and histopathology.
Machines in our pathology department meet international standards for testing and it is our hospitals policy to ensure that all the requisite infection control parameters as well as the highest standards around quality checks are maintained. The pathology is fully equipped with state of the art pathology equipment and analysers, a vastly automated setup, and a fully air-conditioned lab.
The Pathology department is also responsible to ensure strict compliance and adherence to infection control parameters which have been laid out at the hospital. This is done via regular hygiene workshops and training sessions as well as random checkups such as swab testing, autoclave biological indicators analysis etc.
Apart from detecting and diagnosing diseases, blood and pathology tests are important for:
If your doctor or specialist sends you for blood and pathology tests, it’s because there’s some concern about your health (or you’re at an age where health risks may be more likely) and a test is an effective way of discovering whether there’s a problem. You may be sent for blood and pathology tests to:
Complete blood count (C.B.C)
A full blood count is a common test that’s used to diagnose a wide range of illnesses, infections and diseases. This test gives your doctor information about the numbers and development of cells in your blood (red cells, white cells, and platelets).
Abnormalities may indicate anaemia, infection or some blood cancers, such as leukaemia.
Liver function tests
If your doctor needs a close look at your liver, you may have some liver function tests, which measure enzymes, proteins, and substances produced or excreted by the liver. If your tests show liver damage, it may mean you have one of the many diseases or infections that affect the liver. These tests can be essential to early diagnosis and treatment.
A check of your iron levels will tell your doctor whether you have too little or too much iron, which is essential to normal red blood cell function. If your levels are low, you may have anaemia (symptoms may include fatigue and lack of energy) which may point to underlying disease.
Too much iron (iron overload or haemochromatosis) may increase your risk of serious conditions, such as liver disease, heart failure, arthritis or diabetes.
Thyroid Tests (Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), T3, T4, free T3, free T4)
Thyroid tests look for or monitor thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism (insufficient thyroid hormone), hyperthyroidism (excess thyroid hormone), some cancers, and autoimmune conditions.
TSH tells the thyroid to make hormones that are essential to many bodily functions, including breathing, heart rate, body weight, temperature and energy levels, so it’s important to check it’s working properly.
A urinalysis is a set of tests on a sample of urine that look for a range of diseases, including liver or kidney disease, diabetes, and other outcomes such as pregnancy. Urinary tract infections may also be diagnosed with this test or what’s known as a rapid urine test.
PT - INR (International Normalised Ratio) , BT , CT ,PT
These tests investigates how well a patient’s blood clots. It’s an especially important regular test for people on the anti-clotting medication warfarin, which is used to prevent stroke, or clotting after surgery.
The lipid panel is a group of tests used to evaluate cardiac risk. It includes cholesterol , LDL , HDL and triglyceride levels.
Cultures are used to test for diagnosis and treatment of infections. Illnesses such as urinary tract infections, pneumonia, strep throat, MRSA and meningitis can be detected and tested for appropriate antibiotic treatment.
Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) , GGT , RBS , B.S – F and PP
These tests are used to diagnose and monitor diabetes.
LH , FSH , PROGESTERONE , ESTRADIOL , TESTORONE etc are required in infertility studies.
PSA , CEA